Surrogacy is a growing option for the LGBTQ community for biological children. Almost all sur-rogates are gestational, which means that the surrogate is not the same person as the egg do-nor.
From a medical perspective, once an egg donor is screened and cleared, embryos are created using the frozen sperm of the intended father or fathers. In fact, many intended parents create embryos from each partner. The embryos can then be transferred to the same surrogate from each partner without compromising the success of a healthy pregnancy.
The transfer of the embryo is a straightforward process that intended fathers often attend. A small white flash can actually be seen on the ultrasound screen as the embryo is released.
Then, after 12 to 14 days we can determine if there is a viable pregnancy. If so, we will con-tinue to monitor the pregnancy to ensure that it is progressing normally. The first pregnancy ultrasound is performed about a month after the transfer. This is another special time for in-tended fathers as we should be able to see the fetus or fetuses and hear their heartbeats.
Why are surrogates typically separate from egg donors?
What do agencies look for in a surrogate?
Surrogates must also pass psychological and medical tests. They will be disqualified if they have a history of drug or alcohol abuse or a criminal background. And finally, the must have a clear understanding of their roles, and that most decisions will be made in conjunction with the parents.